There is not a defined number of genders in the universe. Gender identities and gender expressions are limitless, as is humanity itself. This Gender Wikipedia is a community-driven project, which gets updated based on the feedback shared on our Discord servers and forums. Our mission is to evolve the definitions and the genders in this list and celebrate the beautiful diversity of life.
Please share your thoughts, suggestions or additions on our Discord server and help us evolve the Gender Wikipedia!
Agender are either people who have no gender identity or people whose gender identity is neutral. The term has many synonyms as “null gender”, “ungendered”, “non-gendered”, “genderless”, “genderfree”, “gendervoid” and “genderblank”
According to the famous book of 1998 “Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender College Students: A Handbook for Faculty and Administrators,” the term “agender” or “ungendered” is used by some transgender or trans people who do not identify themselves strictly as male or female.1
The term “agender,” “non-gendered,” “null-gender” is also introduced in the list of non-binary gender identities in the prominent 2014 scientific text “Sexuality and Gender for Mental Health Professionals: A Practical Guide”.2
Facebook was also one of the first multinational companies to accept the term since it included in its 2014 list with genders.3
The non-gendered flag was created in 2014 by a Tumblr user and was widely accepted by the agender community.4 Agender Pride day is celebrated on the 19th of May.
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Aliagender is a gender describing those people without specific nonbinary gender identity.
The term can also be explained as gender experience different from the traditional nonbinary gender identities or experiences.
Aliagender people are those having a defined positive gender identity, but they cannot explain it within the context of other gender identities.
Aliagender people shouldn’t be confused with agender people who do not possess a gender identity.
The term was coined by a Tumblr blogger, Beck, in 2013.5
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Androgyne is a gender identity and not just an adjective as it is broadly used in the English language. This gender identity is also known as androgynous gender.
The term derives from the Greek worlds “andras,” meaning man, and “gyne,” meaning woman.
In addition, the term falls under the umbrella terms of transgender and nonbinary.
The androgynous gender is an amalgam of both or neither of the binary genders. Individuals who possess this gender to describe it as being between woman and man, male and female, or feminine and masculine.
The HOAI (Human Outreach and Achievement Institute) defined the term androgyne as a gender identity that can be comfortably expressed by either alternative gender role in a diversity of socially acceptable environments.6
In popular culture, the term is used in the Star Trek episode “The Trouble with Tribbles,” where Dr. McCoy refers to the tribbles as androgynous.7
The famous architect Claude Fayette Bragdon expressed the concept of androgyne mathematically as a magic square, using it as a building block in many of his buildings.8
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Bigender is a gender identity that falls under the nonbinary, transgender, and multigender generic terms.
The terms “dual-gendered” or “dual-gender” are synonyms of bigender.
Bigender individuals have two distinct gender identities, either at the same time or different periods of someone’s life.
The term genderfluid, a gender identity, encompasses the term “bigender” and vice versa since it also describes those whose gender changes with various frequencies during their lives.
The prefix “bi-” of the term “bigender” derives from the Latin word two, implying that a bigender has two genders. Nevertheless, these two genders are not limited to the “female” and “male” gender. A bigender can be neutrois and male or any other combination of genders.
The credible APA (American Psychological Association) recognizes the form as a part of the transgender group.9
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Butch is a gender identity and an LGBTQ+ masculine gender expression.
Many prominent members of the LGBTQ community, such as Leslie Feinberg, suggest that the term is a nonbinary identity different from those of a male or a female.
The term as a gender identity emerged in the bisexual and lesbian culture after the end of WWII. Before that time, there was a seemingly definite distinction between women attracted to other women.
The term “butch” revolutionized how many lesbians interpret their gender.
“Butch” is a gender identity that can be possessed by individuals of different queer sexual orientations and can belong to both trans and cisgender communities.10
In the most traditional concept of the term, a butch is an individual attracted to femmes. Femmes are lesbians who exhibit a strong feminine identity.
For some butches, the attractiveness to femmes represents a significant part of their own identity. Therefore, in traditional and contemporary literature and press, we can see referrals to the dyadic term “femme/butch.”
The International Butch Appreciation Day is celebrated on August 18.11
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The demiboy gender falls under the generic term of demigender, a time that describes nonbinary gender identities that have a relative or partial association with a certain gender.12
A demiboy or demiguy is an individual whose gender identity is only partially male, independently of their assigned gender at birth.
Demiboys may or may not identify as another gender in addition to feeling partially male.
In addition, demiboys may also define themselves as both agender or male.
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The demigirl gender falls under the generic term “demigender,” which describes nonbinary gender identities that have a relative or partial association with a specific gender.
A demigirl is an individual whose gender identity is only partially female, independently of their assigned gender at birth.13
Demigirls may or may not identify as another gender in addition to feeling partially female.
In addition, demigirls may also define themselves as both agender or female.
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The term epicene is used to describe the lack of gender distinction.
According to the credible Oxford Dictionary of the English language, epicene is a gender identity that exhibits features of both genders according to the binary system of genders, without being any of them.
The word derives from the Greek word “επί” meaning “on,” and “κοινός,” which means “ordinary.”
Epicene can also be nonbinary gender identity.
There is not a widely recognized flag for the epicene gender until today.14
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Any person who has a female gender identity is a female and can be called a woman or a girl.
Women are a heterogeneous group, and many beliefs about the definitive features that they possess are not held in common by all women.15
Having the desire or/and the ability to give birth to a child does not make someone a woman.
In addition, the judgment of others does not decide whether someone is a woman or not. Identifying as a woman is the only requirement to characterize someone as a woman. Trans women, cisgender women, and intersex women are all women.
It is essential to mention that sexual orientation and gender are not the same. Women are still women regardless of the gender they feel attracted to.
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Femme is a gender identity and an LGBTQ+ feminine gender expression.
Many prominent members of the LGBTQ community suggest that the term is a nonbinary identity different from those of a male or a female.16
The term as a gender identity emerged in the bisexual and lesbian culture after the end of WWII. Before that time, there was a seemingly definite distinction between women attracted to other women.
The term “femme” revolutionized the way many lesbians interpret their gender.
“Femme” is a gender identity that can be possessed by individuals of different queer sexual orientations and can belong to both trans and cisgender.
In the most traditional concept of the term, a femme is an individual who is attracted to butches. Butches are lesbians who exhibit a strong masculine identity.
For some femmes, the attractiveness to butches represents a significant part of their own identity. Therefore, in traditional and contemporary literature and press, we can see referrals to the dyadic term “femme/butch.”
The International Femme Appreciation Day is celebrated on the first Saturday of July.17
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Genderfluid is a gender identity that falls under the most generic terms of transgender, nonbinary, and multigender.
The term is also known as Fluid Gender.
As the term implies, genderfluid people have different genders at different periods of their life.18
The gender identity of a genderfluid person could be multiple genders at once and the switch to single-gender identity, a combination of genders or no gender at all.
The frequency of these changes might follow a pattern or not.
The term genderfluid was mentioned for the first time in the book “Gender Outlaw ” by the prominent writer Bornstein Kate.19
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Genderqueer is a gender identity that describes individuals with non-normative or non-binary gender expression and identity.20
The term can also be used by people of the transgender community, avoiding being more specific about their gender identity.
The term can also be written as “genderqueer” or “GenderQueer.”
Genderqueer as a gender identity appears for the first time in literature in the book “The Welcoming Congregation Handbook.” In the book, a genderqueer is defined as an individual whose comprehension of their gender identity goes beyond the traditional binary system.21
Notable people describing themselves as genderqueer are: Jeffrey Marsh, Violet Chachi, Rain Dove, and JD Samson.22
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Intergender is a gender identity that acquired prominence in the middle of the 90s.
The term falls under the “transgender” or “nonbinary” umbrella terms.
Intergender individuals hold a gender identity in the middle of the traditional binary genders of male and female. This identity can also be a combination of binary genders.
The prominent LGBTQ+ activist and journalist Donna Lynn Matthews describe intergender people as a condition between the polarized ends of woman and man. An intergender is both of them and at the same time neither of them.23
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Any person who has a male gender identity is a male and can be called a man or a boy.
Men are a heterogeneous group, and many beliefs about the standard features they possess are not held in common by all of them.
Any man’s manhood is credible and valid independently of what gender he was assigned at birth or what kind of body he has.24
In addition, the judgment of others does not decide whether someone is a man or not. Identifying as a man is the only requirement to characterize someone as a man. Trans men, cisgender men, and intersex men are all men.
It is essential to mention that sexual orientation and gender are not the same things. Men are still men regardless of the gender they feel attracted to.
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Neutrois is a transgender and nonbinary gender
The word “neutrois” derives from the French words “neutral,” which means “neutral,” and “trois,” meaning “three,” implying the third gender.25
Overall, neutrois is a transsexual gender identity that encompasses the concept of gender dysphoria. Gender dysphoria is the negative feeling emerging from some aspects of gender characteristics or experiences, e.g., body dysphoria, social behavior, and treatment.26
Gender dysphoria in the context of neutrois gender leads to the desire to make a transition to a gender-neutral state or presentation.
Nevertheless, no members of the neutrois community have the same experiences and traits.27
The term “neutrois” as gender identity is mentioned in the influential article of Richards, Christian, Barker, and Meg, “Sexuality and Gender for mental health professionals”.28
Facebook also included the neutrois gender in its official list for the first time in 2014.29
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Pangender, or as it is also known, omnigender, is a non-binary gender identity.
A pangender individual holds countless separate identities that are fluid, relative, or undetermined over time. Some pangender people feel that all these identities are just one all-encompassing identity.30
The pangender term might include genders not currently known or recognized.31
In addition, the gender identities of a pangender person may or may not change in intensity during the time. Therefore, a pangender individual might also be gender flux or genderfluid. The mixture of genderfluid and pangender is called panflux.
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The primal Gender Unicorns team createfirstrainbow gender as a symbol of the inherent diversity, flexibility, and continuous evolvement of genders.
A rainbow person can simply be anything or anyone they desire to be, without judgment, norms, philosophies, religions, or biological traits.
Being rainbow simply means being yourself, without having to justify and explain what exactly this is. One day you feel in a certain way, and one day in another way. This is entirely normal.
Rainbows are multicolored, aetherial, and transcend between realities. They are a part of everything and nothing. They respect and admire all genders for their uniqueness and understand that existence of life itself is due to the only universal truth: entropy. 32
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The third gender, aka third sex, is a concept in which people are categorized, either by themselves or society, not fitting into the western ideas of two genders.
It is essential to mention that the term “third gender” has been used during history to describe a wide range of meanings and concepts. For example, it encompasses intersex people, indigenous social roles not understood by anthropologists of western societies, homosexual people, and trans people with a nonbinary gender.33
References to a third gender can be found throughout the religious texts of Buddhism and Jainism.34 Indian traditions (Vedas) also recognize three genders.
Finally, in the Middle Kingdom of Egypt on pottery dating from 1900 BCR are listed three genders: hmt (female), tae (male), and sht (“sekhet) as the third gender.35
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Transgender or trans people have a gender expression or identity that differs from the gender they were thought to be at birth.36
A doctor decides whether we are female or male during birth based on our appearance. Many people who are “categorized” ffemales at birth turn out to identify as women, and many people who are ” categorized ” malesturn out to be men. Nevertheless, some people’s gender identity distinct from what was initially expected at birth.
A trans man lives an everyday life as a man today, despite being labeled as a woman during his birth. On the other hand, a trans woman living an everyday and whole life as a woman today was labeled as male during birth.
Nevertheless, some trans do not identify themselves strictly as female or as male. Most of these people prefer to use genderqueer or binary to describe their gender identity.
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Two-Spirit, aka “two-spirited” or “two-spirit”, is a term used mainly by some Indigenous North Americans to describe people in their communities who fulfill a third-gender role in their cultures.37
The term was induced in the general public at the global indigenous gay and lesbian gathering in Winnipeg in 1990.38
The creation of the term aimed to serve as a pan-Indian unifying force and be used for general audiences, western and non, instead of the diverse traditional terms.
With the introduction of the term, Indigenous Indians wanted to separate themselves from non-Native lesbians, gays, and trans.
In popular culture, the term was introduced by Lyda Nibley in the 2009 film “Two Spirits”.39
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- Sanlo, Ronni, ed. (1998). Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender College Students: A Handbook for Faculty and Administrators. p. 37.
- Richards, Christina; Barker, Meg (2013). Sexuality and Gender for Mental Health Professionals: A Practical Guide. SAGE Publications.
- Eve Shapiro, Gender circuits: Bodies and identities in a technological age. Unpaged.
- “Brochure for the Human Outreach and Achievement Institute.” Ephemera. 1980. Digital Transgender Archive
- The Star Trek Transcripts: The Trouble with Tribbles
- Bragdon, More Lives Than One: Autobiography of Claude Bragdon (1938)
- Schneider, Margaret; Bockting, Walter; Ehrbar, Randall; Lawrence, Anne; Rachlin, Katherine Louise; Zucker, Kenneth (2006). “Answers to Your Questions About Transgender Individuals and Gender Identity”
- Bashan, Frankie (2020). “What Does It Mean To Be Butch?”. Little Gay Book. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
- http://www.asexuality.org/en/topic/55798-definitions-master-list/ AVEN: Definitions Master List
- Tonic, Gina (24 August 2016). “What Does Femme Mean? The Difference Between Being Femme & Being Feminine”. Bustle. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
- Kate Bornstein (1994), “Gender Outlaw: On Men, Women and the Rest of Us”
- Alexander, Scott W. (1990). The Welcoming Congregation Handbook (2nd ed.). Unitarian Universalist Association.
- Donna Lynn Matthews, “What is intergendered?” 1998-10. http://cydathria.com/ms_donna/intergen.html
- “What are neutrois?”. Neutrois Outpost. 11 November 2000.
- Richards, Christina; Barker, Meg (2013). Sexuality and Gender for Mental Health Professionals: A Practical Guide. SAGE Publications. ISBN 9781446293133
- Facebook sex changes: which one of 50 genders are you?. The Daily Telegraph. February 14, 2014.
- Navigating Trans and Complex Gender Identities. Bloomsbury Publishing. 2019. page 140, Appendix E.
- “Pangender”. Gender Wiki. 31 August 2018.
- Chrysochou, George. 24 February 2022. Gender Unicorns NFT
- Trumbach, Randolph. (1998) Sex and the Gender Revolution. Volume 1: Heterosexuality and the Third Gender in Enlightenment London. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1998. (Chicago Series on Sexuality, History & Society)
- Non-normative Sex/Gender Categories in the Theravada Buddhist Scriptures Compiled by Peter A. Jackson Archived 24 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Sethe, Kurt, (1926), Die Aechtung feindlicher Fürsten, Völker und Dinge auf altägyptischen Tongefäßscherben des mittleren Reiches, in: Abhandlungen der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse, 1926, p. 61.
- Estrada, Gabriel (2011). “Two Spirits, Nádleeh, and LGBTQ2 Navajo Gaze”. American Indian Culture and Research Journal. 35 (4): 167–190.
- de Vries, Kylan Mattias (2009). “Berdache (Two-Spirit)”. In O’Brien, Jodi (ed.). Encyclopedia of gender and society. Los Angeles: SAGE. p. 64. ISBN 9781412909167. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- Nibley, Lydia (2011-06-14). “Two Spirits | Native American Gender Diversity | Independent Lens”. PBS. Retrieved 2017-01-26. cs